Syntax is the proper order of words in a phrase or sentence. We can test the VP [ate a tuna-fish sandwich for lunch] by adding another VP. for example, a sentence is class, filed in to two elements: boy which is assigned to the constituent noun (N) and noun phrase (NP), and play well which 1.1 Anaphora and Syntactic Categories. So far, our discussion of syntactic structure has tacitly assumed that all constituents in a given structure are overt.However, we now turn to argue that syntactic structures may also contain empty (= covert = null) categories – i.e. Related WordsSynonymsLegend: Switch to new thesaurus Noun 1. syntactic category - (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties grammatical category grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics) grammatical case, case - nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some … Syntax is a tool used in writing proper grammatical sentences. (15) a Reggie ate a tuna-fish sandwich for lunch. Native speakers of a language learn correct syntax without realizing it. categories . A single word is the smallest possible constituent belonging to a particular syntactic category. However, the atomic approach to syntactic categories in Kaplan (1987), illustrated in (4) and (6), is obsolete and inadequate. These names are often referred to as syntactic labels (usually written by theinitials of the categories), such as: 6. Y. Huang, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. Syntax - July 1997. b Reggie [ate a tuna sandwich for lunch] and [played with a soccer ball in the park.] Taking a specific instance: the categories of n3 … The syntactic categories are illustrated in a tree diagram, called phrase structure tree,by supplying the name of the syntactic category of each word grouping. The complexity of a writer's or speaker's sentences creates a formal or informal level of diction that is presented to its audience. 2.4 Atomic syntactic categories The relative simplicity of this formal model is appealing. categories which have no overt phonetic form, and hence which are inaudible or silent. Syntactic categories synonyms, Syntactic categories pronunciation, Syntactic categories translation, English dictionary definition of Syntactic categories. • All the underlined groups constitute a syntactic category known as a noun phrase (NP) – NPs may be a subject or an object of a sentence, may contain a determiner, proper name, pronoun, or may be a noun alone • All the bolded groups constitute a syntactic category known as a verb phrase (VP) So if a single word can substitute for a string of several words, that's evidence that the word and the string are constituents of the same category. 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