Khan Khanan governed the city from 1583 to 1590. For three or four days work was at a standstill. its craftsmen as famous for their work in steel, gold, ivory, enamel, mother of pearl, paper, lac, bone, silk, and cotton, and its merchants as dealing in sugar-candy, cumin, honey, lac, opium, cotton, borax, dry and preserved ginger and other sweets, myrobalans, saltpetre and sal ammoniac, diamonds from Bijapur, ambergris, and musk. The four Ahmads are said to have been helped by twelve Babas; these were Baba Khoju, Baba Laru, and Baba Karamal, buried at Dholka; Baba Ali Sher and Baba Mahmud buried at Sarkhej; a second Baba Ali Sher who used to sit stark naked; Baba Tavakkul buried in the Nasirabad suburb, Baba Lului buried in Manjhuri, Baba Ahmad Nagori buried near the Nalband mosque, Baba Ladha buried near the Halim ni Khidki, Baba Dhokal buried between the Shahpur and Delhi gates, Baba Sayyid buried in Viramgam. — Aga Kausar Husain (@agakausar) November 20, 2018, RJ Dhvanit conducted a poll on #Ahmedabad name change. Some people find it inappropriate while some are supporting this activity. [14], Mandelslo, in 1638, describes, .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}. The armies clashed on 22 January 1584 at Sarkhej, after a hard-fought battle, routed Muzzafar's army and forced him to flee to Kathiawar. [5], Ahmad Shah I, in honour of four Ahmads, himself, his religious teacher Shaikh Ahmad Khattu, and two others, Kazi Ahmad and Malik Ahmad, named it Ahmedabad. Jalisana. Following Siege of Diu in 1538, the Portuguese secured the greater part of the profits that formerly enriched the merchants of Ahmedabad. (source Wikipedia). For two years Jawan remained in sole power, till in 1752 the Peshwa, owning now the one-half of the Gaekwad's revenues, sent Pandurang Pandit to collect his dues. Dhedhasana. Irony about wanting to change the name of Ahmedabad is this: a lot of recent development that happened in the city happened under Modi with the A’bad name. He died in 1451 and was succeeded by his son Qutbuddin Ahmad Shah II who ruled for short span of seven years. In the 11th century around 1150 King Karnadev made the city his capital and named it Karnavati. considering it was the first name of the city. Ahmedabad is the largest city in the Indian state of Gujarat.It was formerly the capital of Gujarat and is still the judicial capital since the Gujarat High Court is located there. In the eleventh century, Karna of Chaulukya dynasty ruling from Anhilwad Patan (1072–1094) made the town his capital, adorned it with two temples, one to Kochrab, the site still known, and the other to Jayanti Devi, and named it Karnavati (Karna's town) or Shrinagar (prosperous city) and Rajnagar (king's town). The Marathas, who had incursions in south Gujarat for about half a century sent an expedition against Ahmedabad upon hearing death of Mughal emperor. The existence of Ashaval is traced way back in 9th – 10th century and lasted till the 11th century. [21][22], Dunlop, British Collector of Kaira took over administration of the city in 1818. [10] In the early years of the seventeenth century Ahmedabad increased in size. Rustam Khan, Shujat's brother, came against Hamid. On 15 December 1617, Sir Thomas Roe came to Ahmedabad. There is a thirteenth Baba Kamil Kirmini about whom authorities are not agreed. At that time the city was seen as an economic role model around the world. When the Sultanate was weakened by the sacking of Delhi by Timur in 1398, and Zafar Khan took the opportunity to establish himself as sultan of an independent Gujarat. The Foundation of Ashaval. Ahmedabad was the former capital city of Gujarat. The 2008 Ahmedabad bombings, a series of seventeen bomb blasts, killed and injured several people. Though successful against the Marathas the Viceroy had to agree to give them a share of the revenue, and badly off for money had, in 1726, and again in 1730, so greatly to increase taxation that the city rose in revolt. Blackburn, Stuart H., and Vasudha Dalmia, editors, "In Ahmedabad, history is still alive as tradition", "Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation – History of Ahmedabad", "When LD Engineering structured the revolt", "Lessons learned from the Gujarat earthquake", Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Memorial, Ahmedabad Textile Industry's Research Association, Vikram A Sarabhai Community Science Centre, Mudra Institute of Communications Ahmedabad, Adani Institute of Infrastructure Management, Lalbhai Dalpatbhai College of Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport, Mumbai–Ahmedabad high-speed rail corridor, Citizens awarded national civilian honours, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Ahmedabad&oldid=992757929, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with failed verification from October 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 23:02. ‘Ahmedabad’ is the third name of our city. Two years later in 1575, at a second siege Muzaffar Husain Mirza all but took the city. By 1960, Ahmedabad had become a metropolis with a population of slightly under half a million people, with classical and colonial European-style buildings lining the city's thoroughfares. The gunpowder exploded burning five shops and killing eighty-eight people. The old mercantile and industrial elite, with their relative sophistication in matters of industry, trade, and financing, were well poised to expand under British rule, using their own financing for new technology, represented by British machinery. It was only with the greatest difficulty that the fire engines could be brought to play on the fire. The name of Kanpur and Lucknow has been advocated for the second new franchise. The merchant class tended to support the British, thinking the rule provided more security than under the Marathas, lower taxes (including lower octroi), and more property rights. Though Champaner became capital of the sultanate in 1484, Ahmedabad was still greater, very rich and well supplied with many orchards and gardens, walled, and embellished with good streets, squares, and houses. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. When Gujarat was carved out in 1960, it again became the capital of the state until establishment of Gandhinagar in 1965. The suburbs, deserted at the approach of the Marathas, were never re-peopled. In 1629 and 1630 Ahmedabad passed through two years of famine known as Satyashiyo Dukal so severe that its streets were blocked by the dying, and those who could move, wandered to other countries. This arrangement, renewed for ten years in 1804, continued in force till 1814. [31] Sabarmati Riverfront project started in 2004. There was a garrison of 6,000 Arab and Sindhi infantry and 2,000 cavalry. Unlike other Indian cities, Ahmedabad lacked a comprador class or dominant, Western-educated middle class. This shop, in which were more than 500 pounds of gunpowder, was about ten at night found to be on fire. Dada Hari Ki Vav. Kachrol. [11], In 1616 Prince Khurram, afterwards, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, was made governor. 3 0 • Reply • Flag Kritika Raghuvanshi • … Gujarat’s deputy chief minister Nitin Patel on Tuesday said that the name Ahmedabad was a “symbol of slavery”. 2,50,000) the city walls were repaired. [13], During the next thirty years (1640–1670), the fortunes of Ahmedabad were at their best. (1743), and Fakhrud-daulah (1744–48) the nominal Viceroys, held it during the ten remaining years. Changing Ahmedabad’s Name May Lose it World Heritage City Tag “It is a city founded and developed by Ahmeds – not one but four.” Ever since Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath launched his name changing spree for cities, noises are once again being made by the right wing in Gujarat on renaming Ahmedabad as Karnavati. Succeeding Delhi Sultan Muhammad bin Tughluq halted in the town during his suppression of the Gujarat mutiny (1347). The excessive greed of the Marathas as sole rulers of Ahmedabad caused great discontent. Instead of just a few merchants introducing new industrial machinery, as elsewhere in India, in Ahmedabad the mercantile class as a whole supported the new techniques, even though hand spinners and handloom weavers, as well as female spinners in the outlying communities had their traditional operations upset as a result. The earliest settlement can be recorded around the 12th century under Chaulukya dynasty rule. Many countries sought to emulate India's economic planning strategy and one of them, South Korea, copied the city's second "Five-Year Plan" and the World Financial Center in Seoul is designed and modelled after Ahmedabad. city from Ashaval. During this contest Ahmedabad was pillaged by the Marathas, the city more than once taken and retaken, and even when the Viceroy's power was established in name, he was practically besieged in the city by the crowds of Maratha horse who ravaged the country up to the gates. Unlike most other areas of India, British rule meant no major upsetting of the community's traditional social system, although the traditional peasant landowning class, the Banias and Patidars, were absorbed into the Jain business community. Then the 1790 famine caused fresh distress, and a few years later only a quarter of the space within the walls was inhabited. In 1695 it was the headquarters of manufactures, 'the greatest city in India, nothing inferior to Venice for rich silks and gold stuffs curiously wrought with birds and flowers.' When Chaulukya rule weakened in the second half of the 13th century, Vaghela dynasty rose to power in Gujarat in 1243. Meanwhile, the cunning and greed of the Marathas caused unceasing trouble and disorder. Next year (1753) when Jawan was in Palanpur collecting revenue, the Peshwa and Gaekwad with from 30,000 to 40,000 horse, suddenly appearing in Gujarat, pressed north to Ahmedabad. When Akbar was gone, the rebel Mirzas connected to Timurid dynasty, backed by some of the Gujarat nobles, came against Ahmedabad in 1573. Losses in the fight totalled 108, including two Britons. Lying on the banks of the historic river Sabarmati, its the seventh largest metropolitan area and the fifth largest city in India. The political stability, establishment of order and the lowering of the taxes, gave a great impetus to trade and the city was for a time busy and prosperous. His wife Nur Jahan governed the city during this period. Ahmedabad city is reportedly all set to feature as one team in the T20 league. [19][20] Under the terms of the under the Treaty of Salbai (24 February 1783) Ahmedabad was restored to the Peshwa, the Gaekwad's interest being as before, limited to one-half of the revenue and the command of one of the gates. He was murdered, and the Peshwa's minister Trimbak Dengle was suspected of the crime. This marked the start of a long period of decline in the city, marked by a lack of development. During this time the only disorder was in 1644 a riot between Hindus and Muslims in which under Aurangzeb's orders the temple of Chintamani Parswanath near Saraspur was mutilated. Ahmed Shah I, while camping on the banks of the Sabarmati river, saw a hare chasing a dog. Two months later, on the night of 24 March 1877, a fire broke out in the chief enclosure, pol, of the Sarangpur area. The British seized the opportunity to force Baji Rao II sign the Treaty of Poona (13 June 1817). In 1915, Mahatma Gandhi came from South Africa and established two ashrams in the city, the Kochrab Ashram near Paldi in 1915 and the Satyagraha Ashram on the banks of Sabarmati in 1917. There is permanent prohibition in Ahmedabad following Gandhian principles, although in the last few years exceptions have been made, officially. Couple , Family , Friends. They formed short but stable rule in the region which ended in 1299.[1]. The existence of Ashaval is traced way back in 9th – 10th century and lasted till the 11th century. Jahangir stayed in the city for nine months but was unimpressed by its environment calling it Gardabad, the city of dust. They warned the reader not to use the word wasi again, and, as he persisted in obeying orders, on the next occasion they dragged him from the pulpit and stabbed him to death. Ahmedabad might soon be known as Karnavati, Hyderabad as Bhagyanagar and Aurangabad as Sambhaji Nagar, if the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) has its way. [33] Ahmedabad BRTS was inaugurated in 2009. It is located in western India on the banks of the River Sabarmati. The sultan was intrigued by this and asked his spiritual adviser for an explanation. For some years tho city improved, its manufactures in 1789 being incomparably better than those of Surat. Aurangzeb ascended the throne at Delhi 1658. It was captured by Chingiz Khan in 1571 and later by Alaf Khan. A Hindu insisting on burning the Holi near some Muslim houses, the Muslims retaliated by killing a cow. How Ahmedabad was named Historically, the area around Ahmedabad has been inhabited since the 11th century, when it was known as Ashaval. They attacked a rich jeweller, Kapurchand, who defended his ward, pol, with matchlock men and killed several of the rioters. But Jawan was badly off for money, and, in spite of levies on the townspeople, he could not find enough to pay his troops. It is the administrative headquarters of the Ahmedabad district and the seat of the Gujarat High Court. Ahmad Shah I laid the foundation of the city on 26 February 1411[3] (at 1.20 pm, Thursday, the second day of Dhu al-Qi'dah, Hijri year 813[4]) at Manek Burj. The Dutch traders also visited him. The sultan was intrigued by this and asked his spiritual adviser for explanation. It was then usurped by Jawan Mard Khan, and he, in spite of the attempts of Muftakhir Khan, afterwards Momin Khan II. To know more about the origin & history of Ahmedabad, read on… Origin of Name The Hutheesing Jain Temple, completed in 1848, and other buildings of that time (1844–1846) show that some of the city merchants were possessed of very great wealth. For short period of 1535, Mughal emperor Humayun conquered Gujarat and appointed his brother Aaskari, the governor of Ahmedabad. [15] In 1723 Mubariz-ul-Mulk, Viceroy, chose Shujat Khan his deputy, and Hamid Khan, then holding Ahmedabad for the Nizam the former Viceroy, retired; Shujat Khan took his place, and went to collect tribute, then Hamid returned, defeated and killed Shujat and held all the land about Ahmedabad. One of the largest Levi’s shops in Ahmedabad … The Ashaval blog is all about Ahmedabad city, showcase a curated information which tells you anything and everything about Ahmedabad. Ahmedabad or Amdavad is the largest city and former capital of Gujarat. Even today it is so. Ahmedabad, the largest city of Gujarat boasts of growing economy. Ahmedabad is the largest city in the state of Gujarat. Rich in the produce of every part of the globe, its painters, carvers, in layers, and workers in silver gold and iron, were famous, its mint was one of four allowed to coin gold, and from its Imperial workshops came masterpieces in cotton, silk, velvet and brocade with astonishing figures and patterns, knots and fashions. 1,00,000), gave up the city (April 1757). The American Civil War (1863–1865) helped the economy of the city. [18], The Peshwa and Gaekwad divided the revenues, the Peshwa, except that the Gaekwad held one gate and that his deputy remained in the city to see that his share of the revenue was fairly set apart, undertaking the whole management of the city. He preferred Champaner to Ahmedabad and expanded his reign to central India and to South Gujarat. The leader of the community, who came from the Jain business elites, was known as the nagarsheth, who would resolve disputes between mahajans and individuals and who interceded with royal officials. Tucked away in the quiet nook of the city, Dada Hari Ni Vav is a quaint step well in … [9], Mughal emperor Akbar entered Gujarat and won Anhilwad Patan in 1572. Military help was called in and by ten next morning the fire was got under, but not until ninety-four houses had been burned and property worth £60,000 (Rs. He declared himself independent in 1407 and founded the Gujarat Sultanate.[2]. There was very little English higher education available in the city and no English-language newspapers there in the 19th century. Cities, Towns, Suburbs, Localities & Places Close to Ahmedabad [failed verification] In 1638, Johan Albrecht de Mandelslo visited the city. Vibrant Gujarat 2019: Everything you need to know about it, Mittal Patel: The Messiah for Nomadic and Denotified Tribes, Best Places for Pre-Wedding Photoshoot in Ahmedabad, Sambar Cafe – a place to relish authentic South Indian food, Meet the Top Bridal Makeup Artists in Ahmedabad, 9 Best Places for Vegan Food in Ahmedabad, Kankaria Carnival 2019: A New Year Festival, Top Garba and Dandiya songs with Lyrics for Navratri 2020, Compiled List of Micro Containment Zones in Ahmedabad, A Home Away From Home: List of Quarantine Service Provider in Ahmedabad. [9], Schools for girls, primarily for those in the upper classes, were founded in the mid-19th century. Ahmedabad One Mall is open in the central part of the city. Under the same treaty the Peshwa agreed, that this revenue from the Ahmedabad farm, should be paid by the Gaekwar to the British as part of the British claims on the Peshwa's revenues. Driven out in 1738, before a year was over they forced themselves back. Ahmedabad had both a municipal corporation and the Ahmedabad Divisional Council in the 1960s, which developed schools, colleges, roads, municipal gardens, and parks. The capital was shifted back to Ahmedabad in 1537. The present city was founded on 26 February 1411 and announced as the capital on 4 March 1411 by Ahmed Shah I of Gujarat Sultanate as a new capital. Respected Chief Minister of Gujarat Mr. Vijay Rupani, Deputy Chief Minister Mr. Nitin Patel and other elected representatives of the legislative assembly of the state of Gujarat. But the besieged were badly off for money, the pay of the troops was behind, and the people already impoverished were leaving the city in numbers. This order caused great discontent among the Ahmedabad Sunnis. Aside from changes to the official English spellings of local names there have also been renaming proposals to realign the official name, hence the English name with an alternative local name. In the next ten years the state of the city improved. Its governor Syed Murtaza, Shaikh Farid-i-Bukhari who ruled from 1606 to 1609 founded a new ward Bukhari Mohalla and built Wajihuddin's Tomb. [23], During the rebellion of 1857, the government quickly contained the mutineers of the Gujarat Irregular Horse and of the 2nd Grenadier Regiment. The city further renewed growth when it gain political freedom by establishment of municipality and opening of railway under British crown rule (1857–1947). He also established the first square of the city, Manek Chowk, both associated with the legend of Hindu saint Maneknath. The city of Ashaval was located on the east of River Sabarmati. There are shops selling locally produced goods and stores that offer items by internationally famous brands. The city again progressed when politically stabilized when British East India Company established the rule in the city (1818–1857). Many activists like Sardar Patel served the municipality of the city before taking part in the movement. This page gives complete information about the Ahmedabad Airport along with the airport location map, Time Zone, lattitude and longitude, Current time and date, hotels near the airport etc...Ahmedabad Airport Map showing the location of this airport in India. The public funds available after the walls were finished were made use of for municipal purposes. Tho copper pots of the runaways kept the garrison in pay for a time. [30] The following year, a three-day period of violence between Hindus and Muslims in the western Indian state of Gujarat, known as the 2002 Gujarat violence, spread to Ahmedabad; refugee camps were set up around the city and economy was affected. Ahmed Shah I died in 1443 and was succeeded by his eldest son Muizz-ud-Din Muhammad Shah (Muhammad Shah I) who expanded the kingdom to Idar and Dungarpur. 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